1 Dec 1999

An international team of researchers has passed a scientific milestone by deciphering, for the first time, the complete genetic code of a human chromosome and revealing the existence of hundreds of genes previously unknown in humans.

Reported in this week's edition of Nature (2nd December), researchers from the Wellcome Trust-funded Sanger Centre near Cambridge, Keio University in Japan and US laboratories at the University of Oklahoma and Washington University, St. Louis have succeeded in writing down the 34 million 'letters' that make up the entire sequence that contains all the protein coding genes of Chromosome 22.

20 Oct 1999

Scientists are setting up a £10 million Cancer Genome Project, which will use the rapidly emerging data from the Human Genome Project to find the gene abnormalities associated with all forms of human cancers.

Funded by the Wellcome Trust, the world's largest medical research charity, the Cancer Genome Project will be led by Professor Michael Stratton and Dr Richard Wooster of the Institute of Cancer Research, and sited at the Sanger Centre in Hinxton, Cambridgeshire - already renowned for its leading role in the international Human Genome Project.

15 May 1999

British and American scientists announce today that a major acceleration in the Human Genome Project will complete the foundations of this ambitious plan early in 2000.

As part of an international consortium undertaking the sequencing phase of the Human Genome Project, this UK/USA collaboration will make publicly available to the international scientific community the first 'working draft' of the human genome - man's genetic blueprint - by February next year, considerably earlier than expected.