Dr Christine Hale | Senior Staff Scientist

Hale, Christine

As staff scientists we perform basic research in Microbial Pathogenesis whilst also teaching relevant skills to students and visiting scientists. Our projects include growing and differentiating human induced pluripotent cells to a macrophage-like lineage and investigating host-pathogen interactions. The main techniques that are used are flow cytometry, con-focal imaging, high-throughput Cellomics assays and cell culture


  • Transcriptional profiling of macrophages derived from monocytes and iPS cells identifies a conserved response to LPS and novel alternative transcription.

    Alasoo K, Martinez FO, Hale C, Gordon S, Powrie F et al.

    Scientific reports 2015;5;12524

  • Interaction of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium with Intestinal Organoids Derived from Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells.

    Forbester JL, Goulding D, Vallier L, Hannan N, Hale C et al.

    Infection and immunity 2015;83;7;2926-34

  • Conditional-ready mouse embryonic stem cell derived macrophages enable the study of essential genes in macrophage function.

    Yeung AT, Hale C, Xia J, Tate PH, Goulding D et al.

    Scientific reports 2015;5;8908

  • Interaction of Salmonella typhimurium with dendritic cells derived from pluripotent embryonic stem cells.

    Rossi R, Hale C, Goulding D, Andrews R, Abdellah Z et al.

    PloS one 2012;7;12;e52232

  • The critical role of histone H2A-deubiquitinase Mysm1 in hematopoiesis and lymphocyte differentiation.

    Nijnik A, Clare S, Hale C, Raisen C, McIntyre RE et al.

    Blood 2012;119;6;1370-9

  • Mannosidase 2, alpha 1 deficiency is associated with ricin resistance in embryonic stem (ES) cells.

    Wang W, Hale C, Goulding D, Haslam SM, Tissot B et al.

    PloS one 2011;6;8;e22993

  • Defining the range of pathogens susceptible to Ifitm3 restriction using a knockout mouse model.

    Everitt AR, Clare S, McDonald JU, Kane L, Harcourt K et al.

    PloS one 2013;8;11;e80723

  • Epithelial IL-22RA1-mediated fucosylation promotes intestinal colonization resistance to an opportunistic pathogen.

    Pham TA, Clare S, Goulding D, Arasteh JM, Stares MD et al.

    Cell host & microbe 2014;16;4;504-16

  • Induced pluripotent stem cell derived macrophages as a cellular system to study salmonella and other pathogens.

    Hale C, Yeung A, Goulding D, Pickard D, Alasoo K et al.

    PloS one 2015;10;5;e0124307

  • Signatures of adaptation in human invasive Salmonella Typhimurium ST313 populations from sub-Saharan Africa.

    Okoro CK, Barquist L, Connor TR, Harris SR, Clare S et al.

    PLoS neglected tropical diseases 2015;9;3;e0003611

  • Infection by Brucella melitensis or Brucella papionis modifies essential physiological functions of human trophoblasts.

    García-Méndez KB, Hielpos SM, Soler-Llorens PF, Arce-Gorvel V, Hale C et al.

    Cellular microbiology 2019;21;7;e13019

  • Using a Systems Biology Approach To Study Host-Pathogen Interactions.

    Yeung A, Hale C, Clare S, Palmer S, Bartholdson Scott J et al.

    Microbiology spectrum 2019;7;2

  • A Phylogenetic and Phenotypic Analysis of Salmonella enterica Serovar Weltevreden, an Emerging Agent of Diarrheal Disease in Tropical Regions.

    Makendi C, Page AJ, Wren BW, Le Thi Phuong T, Clare S et al.

    PLoS neglected tropical diseases 2016;10;2;e0004446

Hale, Christine