News Archive

News Archive

Meningitis Bacterium Code Cracked

Meningitis Bacterium Code Cracked

Researchers in the UK and Germany have decoded all the genes of a bacterium that causes the most common form of meningitis.

Neisseria meningitidis infects half a million people each year, and is associated with major epidemics of meningitis in developing countries. The research paves the way for new methods of detecting, preventing and treating infections.

Wellcome applauds USA and UK governments' commitment to free sequence data

Wellcome applauds USA and UK governments' commitment to free sequence data

Today the United States government and UK Government announced that all DNA sequence data from the Human Genome Project would remain free for use worldwide.

Ensuring that the data from the Human Genome Project remains in the public domain will allow the fruits of this work to be fully exploited by research groups worldwide to develop real healthcare advances.

Genome talks collapse over commercial ownership

Genome talks collapse over commercial ownership

The publicly funded Human Genome Project (HGP) today announced that negotiations with the commercial DNA sequencing company Celera Genomics had broken down. The HGP had hoped that the combined effort of the public and private sector would bring more rapid benefits from the programme.

The talks stumbled when Celera refused to accept a statement of 'Shared Principles' prepared by the HGP participants. The HGP team made repeated attempts to discuss differences with the President of Celera, Dr J. Craig Venter, but received no response from him throughout January and February.

Scientists reveal clues to food poisoning bug

Scientists reveal clues to food poisoning bug

Scientists have identified the genetic make-up of the bug responsible for the majority of food poisoning outbreaks. The work paves the way for treatments that may eventually prevent or cure gastro-enteritis attacks that are, at best, extremely unpleasant, and, at worst, can kill.

The first food-borne pathogen to be sequenced, C. jejuni is harboured by half of the poultry destined for human consumption. It is responsible for around 60,000 reported cases of food poisoning in the UK each year - over three times more than the infamous Salmonella. The bacterium thrives in the human gut where it can cause severe diarrhoea and, in rare cases, Guillain-Barre syndrome, a neuromuscular condition that can lead to death.

New research will tackle causes of disease from the UK to the tropics

New research will tackle causes of disease from the UK to the tropics

Scientists at the Sanger Centre near Cambridge are aiming to understand the genetic make-up of micro-organisms responsible for some of the world's most common and sometimes, life-threatening, diseases.

£4,254,527 has been announced by the Wellcome Trust, through its Beowulf Genomics initiative, to sequence the genomes of Burkholderia pseudomallei, Neisseria meningitidis serogroup C, a significant proportion of Leishmania major and a project, jointly funded with Edinburgh University, to compare the sequence of Caenorhabditis elegans with those of important parasitic nematodes by expressed sequence TAG-based discovery.

Scientists open first chapter of the book of life with decoding of human chromosome

Scientists open first chapter of the book of life with decoding of human chromosome

An international team of researchers has passed a scientific milestone by deciphering, for the first time, the complete genetic code of a human chromosome and revealing the existence of hundreds of genes previously unknown in humans.

Reported in this week's edition of Nature (2nd December), researchers from the Wellcome Trust-funded Sanger Centre near Cambridge, Keio University in Japan and US laboratories at the University of Oklahoma and Washington University, St. Louis have succeeded in writing down the 34 million 'letters' that make up the entire sequence that contains all the protein coding genes of Chromosome 22.

A Revolutionary Project To Identify Cancer Genes

A Revolutionary Project To Identify Cancer Genes

Scientists are setting up a £10 million Cancer Genome Project, which will use the rapidly emerging data from the Human Genome Project to find the gene abnormalities associated with all forms of human cancers.

Funded by the Wellcome Trust, the world's largest medical research charity, the Cancer Genome Project will be led by Professor Michael Stratton and Dr Richard Wooster of the Institute of Cancer Research, and sited at the Sanger Centre in Hinxton, Cambridgeshire - already renowned for its leading role in the international Human Genome Project.

UK & America accelerate Human Genome Project for year 2000

UK & America accelerate Human Genome Project for year 2000

British and American scientists announce today that a major acceleration in the Human Genome Project will complete the foundations of this ambitious plan early in 2000.

As part of an international consortium undertaking the sequencing phase of the Human Genome Project, this UK/USA collaboration will make publicly available to the international scientific community the first 'working draft' of the human genome - man's genetic blueprint - by February next year, considerably earlier than expected.

The first sequence of an animal genome is essentially complete

The first sequence of an animal genome is essentially complete

Funded by the Medical Research Council and America's National Institutes of Health, the Sanger Centre and the Genome Sequencing Centre at St Louis have completed a 15-year project to sequence the complete genome of the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans.

This completed gene sequence gives scientists and health practitioners world-wide valuable information to aid the study of the human body in health as well as in illness and may for example lead to new treatments for disease.

Genome of typhoid strain to be tackled

Genome of typhoid strain to be tackled

A project to sequencing the genome of the bacterium which causes typhoid fever (Salmonella typhi) is now underway.

In collaboration with Professor Gordon Dougan from Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, the Wellcome Trust funded Sanger Centre - the UK's leading genome research institute - is to sequence the genome of S. typhi CT18, a strain of S. typhi which is highly infectious and multi-drug resistant. Over 870,000 pounds has been awarded to the project through the Wellcome Trust's Beowulf initiative.

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